Essay No. 01
The New Seven Wonders of the World
History gives sanctity to only one list of seven wonders the one compiled in 200 BC by the Greek mathematics Philon of Byzantium. The monuments that featured in the ancient list were the Colossus of Rhodes the pharos at Alexandria, The Hanging Gardens of Babylon the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, the Great Pyramid of Giza, the Mausoleum of Mausolus at Halicarnassus and the Statue of Zeus at Olympia. The Taj Mahal does not figure in it because obviously it did not exist then,
The tradition of Seven Wonders has inspired succeeding generations to compile countless lists sice the Alexandrian era. The Seven Wonders of the Middle ages were the Colosseum of Rome the Catacombs of Alexzandria the Great Wall of CHina, the Stonehenge the Porcelain Tower of Nanjing, China, the leaning Tower of Pisa , Italy, and the Hagia Sopia of Constantinople.
The new seven wonders project kicked off in 2001 by the swiss adventure Bernard Weber, rectifies a problem with the old list. Actually the Greek writers were limited by their borders and could not have seen what else was going on around the world.
Later there was global movement to choose the new seven wonders of the world by structured international polling. It was initiated by the swiss entrepreneur Bernard Weber. The polling was open to all prince or pauper across the world. The campaign made it mandatory that the structures must be manmade and be in sufficient state of preservation.
The new seven wonders of the world were announced on July 7, 2007 in Lisbon,Portugal after a much hyped worldwide poll. The Taj Mahal was named at the top position in a new list of Seven Wonders of the World. The other six who made it were the pyramid at Chichen Itza of Mexico, the Christ the Redeemer of Brazil the Roman Colossseum of Italy the great wall of china the Machu Picchu of Peru and the pink ruins of Petra in Jordan.
The Taj Mahal was built in 1630 A.D in Agra, India. This immense and exclusive mausoleum was built on the orders of Shah Jahan, the fifth Mughal. The Taj Mahal is considered to the most perfect jewel of the Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world heritage.
The Pyramid at Chechen Itza, Mexico was built before 800 A.D Mexico Chechen Itza the most famous Mayan temple city, served as the political and economic centre of the Mayan civilization. This archeological site covers an area of approximately six square miles. The ruis are divided into two parts one part was built between 10th and 13th centuries A.D.
The Christ the Redeemer was built in Brazil in 1931. This statue of jesus stands some 38 mt. tall, atop the Corcovado mountain overlooking the Rio de Janeiro, designed by the Brazilian Heitor da Silva Costa. It was created by the French sculptor Paul Landowski.
The roman colosseum Italy was built between 70-82 A.D. to celebrate the glory of the Roman Empire. This is a great amphitheatre. This huge theatre has four floors and a total spectator capacity of about 50,000. This construction was started by the roman emperor Vespasian and was completed by his son, Titus.
The machu picchu was built in Peru, South America ,in the15th century, the I can emperor Pachacutee buit a city in the clouds of the mountain known as Machu Picchu. This extraordinary settlement lies halfway up the Andes plateau.Myths and legends indicate that the machu picchu was reserved as a sacred place and it was used as astronomical observatory.
Petra was built in Jordan between 9 B.C. and 40 A.D. on the edge of the Arabian Desert. Petra was the glittering capital of the Nabataian Empire of king Aretas IV. Petra is famous for having many stone structures carved johann Ludwig Burckhardt in 1812.
These seven wonders of the world are the most popular tourist spots in the world. Every year millions of tourists go to see them. The inclusion of the Taj Mahal at the top position has enhanced India’s prestige.
Essay No. 02
New 7 Wonders of the World
On 7/7/7 (a string of sevens) the new seven wonders of the world were announced by the New 7 Wonders Foundation (N7W), a privately funded organization from Zurich in Switzerland. The announcement was made in Lisbon since it was a neutral country because no historical places was a contender for the new seven wonders from the country. The seven wonders were selected by millions of voters from across the globe by online or via telephone for their countries historical monuments to win and find a place in the new seven wonders of the world. The initial ten shortlisted historical places out of which seven wonders were globally elected were :
- Great Wall of China : was built (220 BC and 1368-1644 AD) to keep from invading Mongol tribes out of China. It is the longest man made monument to be visible from space!
- Ruins of Petra : was the glittering capital of the Nabatae-an empire of King Arctas IV (9 BC to 40 AD). It had great tunnel construction, theatre and its 42-metre high Hellenistic temple facade on the El-Deir Monastery are impressive examples of Middle Eastern Culture.
- Acropolis of Athens : The Acropolis (450-330 Be) temples have become the most famous architectural land marks of ancient and modern history.
- Chicken Itza ; It symbolizes worship and knowledge and was the most famous Mayan (800 AD) temple city.
- The Statue of Christ Redeemer : A 38 metres tall statue of Jesus stands atop the carcovado mountain overlooking Rio de Janeiro since 1031. It welcomes visitors to Brazil.
- Roman Colosseum : An amphitheater in the centre of Rome was built in (70-82 AD) to celebrate the glory of the Roman Empire. Cruel fights and games used to take place in the area for the joy of the spectators!
- Easter Land Statues Is a collection of 25 metre-high stone sculptures by the society of Polynesian and is believed to be erected between (10th and 16th century). These stone figures are known as Moat
- Eiffel Tower: was created by Guestave Eiffel in 1887-89 AD. It is a magnificent steel tower and is a symbol of Paris. It is a fine example of an architecture.
- Taj Mahal : was a mausoleum built in 17th century by Shah Japan in memory of his beloved wife Noor Jean. It is built out of white marble and is the greatest symbol of love and passion.
- Incan Emperor Pachacutec The extraordinary settlement was built on the mountain known as Machu Picchu. It is a symbol of dedication and community.
The Seven New Wonders of the World are:
- Taj Mahal (India)
- Great Wall of China (China)
- Ruins of Petra(Jordan)
- The Coloseum (Rome)
- Statue of Christ Redeemer (Brazil)
- Perus Machu Picchu (Peru)
- Chichen Itza Pyramid (Mexico)
About evirtualguru_ajaygourThe main objective of this website is to provide quality study material to all students (from 1st to 12th class of any board) irrespective of their background as our motto is “Education for Everyone”. It is also a very good platform for teachers who want to share their valuable knowledge.
India is a land rich in culture, religions, languages, values, and people. This country boasts of its rich heritage and ancient monuments and forts that it proudly possesses. Every Indian should surely visit these places having these seven wonders of India, out of which four are UNESCO world heritage Sites. These wonders or mankind’s creations have such marvelous architectural beauty which is worth all the praises and appreciations. These places truly define the diversity of cultures, religions, and eras that our country have seen. After witnessing the richness of the history of these places, you will surely agree why India was called a Golden Eagle.
We are introducing you to the seven wonders of India which attracts tourists not only from India but also from across the globe.
1). TAJ MAHAL, AGRA
Taj Mahal in Agra, Uttar Pradesh is one such piece of exquisite beauty in one single frame. This place also tops the list of the seven wonders of the world and also counted among one of the UNESCO world heritage sites. This monument was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan for his beloved wife Mumtaj. It is a true epitome of love which can be seen in the form of a magnificent tomb which looks magical in one glance. People play exorbitant amount to have a full moon night view of Taj, which is a romantic and priceless site to experience.
HOW TO REACH:
-Agra Kheria Airport (5 km) and Indira Gandhi International Airport, Delhi (216 km) are the best air options to reach Agra.
-The Agra Cantonment is the nearest railway station.
FAMOUS FOOD: ‘Petha’ which is a famous sweet Agra is known for all over India is must to taste! Even get some packed for friends and family back home.
BEST TIME TO VISIT: Agra experiences pleasant to cool climate during the months of October to March which makes it an ideal time to visit this place.
2). GOLDEN TEMPLE (HARMINDAR SAHEB), AMRITSAR
Covered with real gold in the exterior of this holy Sikh shrine located in Amritsar, Punjab is the place of worship of the Sikh community. This temple/Gurudwara of God has four doors for the entrances which define that this place is open for worship for people of all religions, caste, creed, and Gander. It is surrounded by a holy water body which is known as ‘Amrit Sarovar’ and is supposed to have very positive spiritual properties. This place hosts meals (Langar) for the largest amount of people, available 24/7 as ‘Prasad’ in the Gurudwara campus.
HOW TO REACH:
–Raja Sansi International Airport, Amritsar (11 km) is the option if you choose to fly to this place.
-Amritsar Jn Train Station (2 km) is the nearest railway station from his holy shrine.
FAMOUS FOOD: ‘Amritsari Kulcha’ & ‘Makke ki roti and saag’ are the Punjabi cuisines that are relished by foodies.
BEST TIME TO VISIT: Although this place can be visited throughout the year as the temperature is moderate and pleasant. Peak summers from May-July can be avoided to escape the summer heat.
3). KONARK SUN TEMPLE, ODISHA
The Sun temple situated in Odisha is an epitome of marvelous architecture on stones from the olden times. It is said to be from the 13th century and is widely considered as one of the grandest temples of India. It is one of the UNESCO world heritage sites. Built in the Kalinga style by the king of the Ganga dynasty, it has a cluster of temples with excellent sculptures and art beauty. This place is known for the three idols of the Sun God, which get direct sun rays falling upon them during sunrise, sunset and noon. There is also a sundial which tells the time of the day.
HOW TO REACH:
By Air: This place can be reached through plane from the Bhubaneswar Airport, which is situated 64 km away from this temple.
Via Train: The nearest railway station from Sun temple is Puri, which is 31 km away.
Road Route: State Public Transport buses of Odisha are available for Sun temple from Puri, Bhubaneswar, and other cities.
FAMOUS FOOD: Oriya food is a must try for each tourists being in Odisha. ‘Chhencheda’ is a treat for fish lovers and is mouthwatering. If you have a sweet tooth then, ‘Ariselu’ is a perfect dish to try which is made out of rice flour, ghee, and jaggery.
BEST TIME TO VISIT: Winters from November to February is an ideal time to visit Odisha as it is when the temperature is quite cool and pleasant to explore the place.
4). KHAJURAHO, MADHYA PRADESH
Khajuraho attracts a lot of tourists from all over India as it is known for its unique sculptures and rich cultural heritage. This place is located in Madhya Pradesh and has a lot of Jain and Hindu temples with the marvelous work of intricate art and sculptures. The sculpted walls depict the alluring work of art with erotic carved images which will make you drop your jaw. It is also one of the UNESCO world heritage sites.
HOW TO REACH: Khajuraho airport and railway station are the nearest places to get to and from this place which is connected with several other major cities of India.
FAMOUS FOOD: When you are here, do try the local countless cuisines of Khajuraho. To name a famous few are: Bafla, which is a softer version of Dal Bati, Bhindi gosht and bundeli gosht are for non-veg lovers. Local liquor available here is also a must try!
BEST TIME TO VISIT: October to March is the best time to visit this major tourist destination as the weather during this time would be the coolest and pleasant.
5). NALANDA UNIVERSITY, BIHAR
Nalanda is the center of higher religious learning of the ancient times. It is located around 100 km’s away from Patna in Bihar. This place was built in the 5th century AD and was destroyed in 12 century AD by Turkish Muslim Army. Scholars and lecturers from all over the world used to be the part of this ancient and renowned University to get the best higher education in olden times. It is even said that Gautam Buddha used to teach here, beneath a mango tree which is still located at this place. The other remains of this place still attract history lovers and tourists from all over the world.
HOW TO REACH: This place can be conveniently reached from Patna Airport. Rajgir, located 12 km away, is the nearest railway station if you wish to travel by Train. Buses are also an option if you wish by road from Patna, Bodhgaya and other connecting cities.
FAMOUS FOOD: Sattu paratha, Litti chokha, Khaja, Laung-latik and Bihari kababs are the very famous local cuisines of this place in Bihar.
BEST TIME TO VISIT: October to March is an ideal time to visit this part of Bihar, owing to the pleasant weather during this time.
6). HAMPI, KARNATAKA
Hampi is a village which lies in Vijayanagar in Kartanaka. This place has historical ruins of the monuments and temples of very olden times. Owing to its remarkable architecture of monuments and culture that this region possesses, this place is called one of the UNESCO world heritage sites. This place is having ruins of the bygone era is stretched to a few kms Hampi has an old world charm attached to it which attracts travelers and history lovers from all over the country. Once you will visit this place, you will surely realise why it is included among the seven wonders of India.
HOW TO REACH: If you choose to go by air, then you can go via Domestic Airport- Bellary which is 60 kms away from this place, Or International Airport- Bengaluru which is 350 kms away from this town in Karnataka.
FAMOUS FOOD: Enjoy the scrumptious seafood and authentic South Indian food while being in this place of Karnataka.
BEST TIME TO VISIT: October to March is the best time to visit Hampi as the weather during this patch of the year is most pleasant.
7). DHOLAVIRA, GUJARAT
Dholavira is a place located in the Kutch district of Gujarat and is locally known as Kotada which means large fort. This place is about the time of Harappan and Indus valley civilization thousands of years ago. This famous archaealogical site is surrounded by the great Rann of Kutch which makes it more intense and effective. You can reach this place while going through the Rann of Kutch and also spot some wildlife on your way. This excavation tells the story of the 7 stages of civilization and will raise many questions in your mind regarding the thought process of the people of the bygone era. Dholavira is one of the two largest Harappan sites in India and has passed through all the stages of Harappan culture which is rare to find.
HOW TO REACH: The nearest airport and railway station to this place is that of Bhuj or Ahmedabad. You can even opt to go by road from Ahmedabad (6 hours) and Bhuj (4 hours).
FAMOUS FOOD: Try the authentic Kuchi thali, which has a lot of variety to relish and has a great hint of Gujarati taste.
BEST TIME TO VISIT: Best time to visit this place is in Winters when the weather is cool and pleasant enough to comfortably explore the place.