This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Sangli.
Sangli District is a district of Maharashtra State in west-central India. Sangli City is the district headquarters. The district is 24.51% urban. Sangli and Miraj are the largest cities. The industrial town of Kirloskarwadi is also located in the Sangli District. Industrialist Laxmanrao Kirloskar started his first factory here. It is known as the sugar bowl of India due to its high sugarcane productivity. Sangli District is one of the most fertile and highly developed districts in Maharashtra. The District is very popular as a political power house in the state. Sangli District has provided many popular politicians and bureaucrats until now. Sangli has a rich history and cultural heritage. People often refers to Sangli District as the Heaven of Farmers.
The district of Sangli is a recent creation, being made as late as in 1949. It was then known as South Satara and it has been renamed as Sangli since 1961. It is partly made up of a few talukas which once formed part of the old Satara District and partly of the States and jahagirs belonging to Patvardhans, and Dafles which came to be merged during the post-independence period. Kundal, the region around Sangli, was the capital of the Chalukyas. Kundal was an ancient village, around 1,600 years old. Kaundanyapur (its old name) was a part of Karnataka.Pulakeshin I chose Vatapi (Badami in Karnataka) as his capital. Kundal was home to freedom fighters like Krantisigha Nana Patil, Shyamrao Lad, Captain Ramchandra Lad, G.D. Lad, Shankar Jangam, and Housabai Jangam. Narsinhpur, an ancient village is also in Sangli district. Laxmi-Narsinh Ancient Temple is there from around A.D.1100–1200 period. Sant Namdeo, Sidheshwar maharaj, Tatya Tope were used to stay in the village in ancient period. This village history is also found in "GURU CHARITRA". Sangli district also has Indias second oldest industrial township as Kirloskarwadi.
Sangli District is located in the western part of Maharashtra. It is bounded by Satara and Solapur districts to the north, Bijapur District (Karnataka) to the east, Kolhapur and Belgaum (Karnataka) districts to the south, and Ratnagiri District to the west.
Sangli District is situated in the river basins of the Warna and Krishna rivers. Other small rivers, such as the Warana and the Panchganga, flow into the River Krishna. Land in the region is suitable for agriculture. Sangli district has distinct kind of environment. Eastern talukas of Shirala, Walwa, Palus are famous for high rainfall and floods. 2005 floods submerged many villages like Dudhondi,Punadi, Khed, walwa etc. Western talukas are famous for drought and tanker driven drinking water supply systems. But recent projects like Tembhu-Mhaisal yojana, Takari prakalp ( located in takari town & water lifted & stored in Sagareshwar wildlife sanctuary area), Vita water scheme (located in Dudhondi and Ghogoan village) are changing the water landscape of these talukas. These water projects are located on river Krishna. Sagareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary is a protected area in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is located at the meeting of three Tehsils of Sangli district: Kadegaon, Walva and Palus. The wildlife sanctuary is man-made; it is an artificially cultivated forest without a perennial supply of water, and most of the wildlife species were artificially introduced. It has an area of 10.87 km².
Flora and fauna Edit
The sanctuary is forested, but with grassy hill slopes. The forests are southern dry mixed deciduous and southern thorn forest. Protection from grazing and forest fire has resulted in good regeneration of dry deciduous species. The forest department introduced many plants in the area, including Tamarind, Neem, Nilgiri, Acacia, Agave, and Khair.
Large animals found in the sanctuary include several types of deer (Sambar Deer, Blackbucks, Muntjac, Chital) as well as wild boar and peacocks. Small carnivores like hyena, fox and porcupines are also found in the area. A large number of insects, birds and reptiles such as pythons and other snakes are also present.
The sanctuary is a popular tourist destination, with the peak tourism season being from August to February. The most popular tourist activity is hiking to the top of a hill in the sanctuary, from which one can see the Krishna River flowing through fields of sugarcane and grapevines. Also in the area are numerous shrines to Shiva which were built during the Chalukya dynasty, and the Krishna Valley Wine Park in Palus. and Kundal is the region around Sangli, was the capital of the Chalukyas. Kundal is a historical place.
About Sagareshwar Edit
The Sagareshwar sanctuary has much religious, cultural and archaeological significance. The sanctuary derives its name from an ancient famous Shiva temple that attracts a large number of devotees. It actually consists of one large temple and a complex of 51 small temples, all from the Satvahana period. You will find the Kamal Bhairao temple, partially hewn from hard Basalt rock perched on the edge of a steep cliff. The entrance to the temple is through a narrow trench.
A village in Sangli district
Bhubaneshwari Devi at river bank
Shreekshetra Audumbar River Bank
According to the 2011 census Sangli District has a population of 2,820,575, roughly equal to the nation of Jamaica or the US state of Kansas. This gives it a ranking of 137th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 329 inhabitants per square kilometre (850/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 9.18%. Sangli has a sex ratio of 964 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 82.62%.Marathi, the state language of Maharashtra, is the most widely spoken language in the district. Kannada, is the language spoken widely in sangli after Marathi. Hinduism is followed by 86.47% of district population. Islam is second largest religion in Sangli district followed by 8.49% of district population. There is significant Jain minority in Sangali
Sangli District is composed of ten talukas, listed below with their populations at the 2011 Census:
- Shirala (162,911)
- Walwa (456,002)
- Palus (164,909)
- Kadegaon (143,019)
- Khanapur (Vita) (170,214)
- Atpadi (138,455)
- Tasgaon (251,401)
- Miraj (854,581)
- Kavathemahankal (152,327)
- Jat (328,324)
Kundal is near Veerbhadra Temple Hill. This temple has 300 years of history. Kundal is a pilgrimage centre for the DigambarJains, with thousands of Jains visiting each year. There is a temple built in the memory of Maharaja Jaising.
Kundal is surrounded by hills, including Zari Parshwanath. Water from the trough cascades near the idol of Mahaveer. Two caves house the idol of Mahaveer and the images of Rama, Sita, and Lakshman. Samav Sharan, a large open space on top of another hill, is considered holy by the Jains. They believe that Mahaveer gave sermons to his followers here.
"Akhand Harinam Saptah Dnyaneshwari Parayan Sohla" Haroli, completed its 90th year in 2016, which was started in 1926. Haroli is one of the religious, irrigated sugar producing village in Kavathemahankal tehsil.
Sangli district itself has her own unique identity for cultural, linguistic, religious co-existence & harmony. But it was ashamed with Hindu-Muslim voilence in first decade of 21st century. Despite it, the tolerance, mutual respect & love is continuously increasing. The non-descrit village Dudhondi is famous for celebrating 'urs' as well as 'shiv jayanti' with same valour & it is a prime example of culture that sangli district has preserved and carried forward.
Sangli is birthplace of many legends in social as well as political reformers. Gopal Ganesh Agarkar was born in Thembu [Small town in Khanapur-Aatpadi constituency]. Balgandharva was born in village called Nagthane in Sangli district and Asha Bhosale was also born in Sangli. Sangli was also native place of Bollywood actress Bhagyashree Patwardhan. " Sangit Natakas " (musical plays) are initiated in Sangli. Vishnudas Bhave is known to be father of the Sangit Natakas. Sangli is his birthplace but also work place.'Vita' a town in sangli district is nicknamed as 'City of Gold'.
Indian Women Cricketer Smriti Mandhana is from Madhavnagar, 4 km from Sangli.
Sangli is home of many politicians.Famous Politician such as, Yashwantrao Chavan 1st Chief Minister of Maharashtra, Vasantdada Patil Chief Minister of Maharashtra, Rajarambapu Patil, Gulabrao Patil Ex. President Maharashtra State Congress & Member of Parliament, Patangrao Kadam Cabinet Minister Forest Minister & Chancellor of Bharti Vidyapeeth. Jayant Patil, R. R. Patil, Madan Patil are from Sangli. R. R. Patil is Home Minister of Maharashtra was also former Deputy Chief Minister of Maharashtra. Jayant Patil is current Cabinet Minister of Rural Development in the state of Maharashtra was also former Finance Minister of Maharashtra. Shivajirao Bapusaheb Deshmukh is Chairman of Maharashtra Legislative Council in India. He was elected to Maharashtra Legislative Council in 1996 and 2002. He was earlier elected to Maharashtra Assembly in 1978, 1980, 1985 and 1990. One of the legends of cricket was born in Sangli named Vijay Hazare. Sangli has given Maharashtra many notable government officers like Vishwas Nangare Patil [I.P.S], Rajaram Mane [I.A.S], Shrikar Pardeshi [I.A.S], and many more officers amongst various departments in the State Government.
- Dhulappa Bhaurao Navale Born on 15 January 1910 in a village Ankalkhop. He was founder of Shetkari Sahakari Sakar Karkhana Sangli. He gave the name to Sangli sugar factory, as 'Shetkari'(farmers Co-operative sugar factory)which is now called as Vasantdada shetkari sahakari sakar karkhana Ltd. Sangli. He was MLC from 1962 to 1971 from Satara & Sangli Dist.In 1937 Local Board elections he with his friends Gaurihar Sihasane & Sakharam Retharekar were congress candidates.All the three were elected from Satara Dist.against Kooper party supported by British.They had started the Congress party campaign from Ankalkhop-Audumber. Since then there is a tradition of Sangli District Congress party to start its campaign from Audumber-Ankalkhop. He was the first individual Satyaghari of Mahatma Gandhi from Satara District (in which Sangli Dist. was also included).He made his satyagraha in Bhilawadi in 1940. He was arrested & was sent to Yerwada Central Jail.He was very close friend of Late Yeshwantrao B.Chavan, swami Ramanand Bharti, V.S.Page, Nana Patil & Vasantrao(Dada)Banduji Patil. He made the historic (Preeti Sangam) union of his both friends Mr.Y.B.Chavan & Vasantdada Patil in his native village Ankalkhop on 24 May 1982.He was a great freedom fighter & was jailed twice by Britishers.He participated in Tasgaon Satyagraha, Islampur, Bilashi satyagraha etc.He was a founder & was a prominent leader in several co-operative organizations & educational institutions in Sangli District.He died on 30 Sept.1988.
- Gajanan Digambar Madgulkar (1919–1977), a Marāthi poet, lyricist, writer and actor. Born in Madgule in Atpadi taluka.
Notable Cricketers From Sangli District
Coordinates: 16°51′36″N74°34′12″E / 16.86000°N 74.57000°E / 16.86000; 74.57000
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