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MSc Institute for Global Health Dissertations


Are health visitors able to correctly describe key preterm babies' care needs within the community?
(Primary data collection)

Cost effectiveness analysis of interventions to prevent and control hypertension: an overview of the evidence
(Literature review)

Determinants of modern contraceptive method use among married women in rural Malawi
(Secondary data analysis)

Disability among older adults in extreme poverty in Peru: how is their access to health care?
(Secondary data analysis)

The economic burden of excess body weight in Upper Middle Income Countries
(Literature review)

The experience and effects of being "left-behind" - a qualitative study of university students in Hangzhou, China
(Primary data collection)

The global mental health gap: recruitment, retention and deployment of psychiatrics- and relevance for China
(Literature review)

The impact of climate change on Inuit health in Canada. A literature review
(Literature review)

Perceiving policy: women's perceptions of gender based violence policy in Rwanda
(Secondary data analysis)

The relationship between mobile money use among household heads and the odds of households forgoing needed healthcare due to costs in Kenya
(Secondary data analysis)

Secondary data analysis of social mobility and CVD risk in rural Nepali women - does the predictive power of the contested social mobility model on CVD risk extend to low income countries?
(Secondary data analysis)

Tackling antibiotic resistance in animal production
(Literature review)

Three delays and the stroke care pathway in China
(Literature review)

What do men in the Samburu tribe think about family planning programmes that relate family size to the environment?
(Primary data collection)

What factors influence the motivation of female nurses and midwives working in rural areas in Morocco?
(Primary data collection)

What influences the mental wellbeing of rural-to-urban migrant workers in China?
(Literature review)


Are there differences in uptake of antenatal care and institutional delivery care by parity levels in pregnant women in informal settlements in Mumbai?
(Secondary data analysis)

Counting calories and nutrients: how has climate-induced changes on food security affected child malnutrition in Sub-Saharan Africa?
(Literature review)

Facing a rising burden of non-communicable disease: to what extent can community health workers provide surveillance, prevention and management for non-communicable diseases in rural India?
(Literature review)

The implications of scaling up community distribution of oral misoprostol for the prevention of postpartum haemorrhage in low resources settings
(Literature review)

Improving breastfeeding rates in high and middle-income countries: evidence from the UK and Iran
(Literature review)

Ladies in waiting: is a stay in a maternity waiting home acceptable to pregnant women in rural Uganda?
(Primary data collection)

Listening to working children: attitudes, agency, and influence. What has been learned from asking children?
(Literature review)

A literature review on the factors affecting physical activity behaviour in older people
(Literature review)

The patterns of Neisseria gonorrhoeae resistance in women in the People's Republic of China and its consequences on women's health
(Literature review)

Prevalence and risk factors of cardiovascular diseases in a middle-aged and older Chinese population: the China health and retirement longitudinal study
(Secondary data analysis)

Raisins and moments. Mindfulness in the context of perinatal maternal mental health: is it effective, and how do we proceed in terms of research?
(Literature review)

Shots in the dark: a systematic review assessing demand side interventions to improve vaccine uptake in Pakistan
(Literature review)

Understanding and evaluating the main challenges to the polio eradication campaign in Pakistan
(Literature review)

Utilising community pharmacists in the prevention and management of chronic NCDs in LMICs: possible roles, benefits and challenges
(Literature review)


Are peer support workers an untapped resource for mental health services in low- and middle-income countries?
(Literature review)

Coping with climate change vulnerability in Bangladesh: comparing rural and urban community-based adaptive capacity
(Literature review)

Do we need to look beyond conventional public health measures of success when appraising participatory community health worker programmes?
(Literature review)

Does creative arts activity work in promoting health in refugee camps?
(Literature review)

The economic impact of chronic disease on households in Kagera, Tanzania: a secondary data analysis
(Secondary data analysis)

How many patients are truly lost to care? A systematic review and meta-analyses of self-transfers amongst patients lost to follow-up in antiretroviral programmes in low- and middle-income countries
(Systematic review)

Understanding breastfeeding through behaviour change: community-based interventions in low- and middle-income countries
(Literature review)

Undocumented migration to Southern Europe: the social determination of health
(Literature review)

What influences women's intentions to breastfeed? A quantitative study from Haringey
(Primary data collection)

What is the aetiology of stillbirth in low and middle income countries?
(Systematic literature review)

Woman friendly care and its impact on maternity outcomes in Malawi
(Secondary data analysis)

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Are poorer malnourished children more malnourished? Associations between socioeconomic status and severity of wasting in children with severe acute malnutrition: a secondary data analysis
(Secondary data analysis)

Associations of inequality with malnutrition in children under five years of age in low- and middle income countries
(Ecological analysis of secondary data)

Factors associated with maternal anaemia in Dadaab Refugee Camp, Kenya: a secondary data analysis
(Secondary data analysis)

From cash transfers to health outcomes: assessing the significance of female-focussed impact pathways on programme success in the Latin American context
(Literature review)

Grandmothers' influence on complementary feeding practices in Ghana: a participatory action research project
(Primary data collection)

Human resource management intervention leading to improved competence in skilled birth attendants: recommendations for Sub-Saharan Africa
(Literature review)

The role of the pharmaceutical supply chain in improving access to antimalarial medicines: a case study of Kenya
(Literature review)

Tuberculosis in London migrants - challenges for service provision
(Literature review)

Understanding the double burden of malnutrition in Sub-Saharan Africa: its determinants and policy implications
(Literature review)

Which preventative strategies are effective and appropriate in reducing the impact of climate-sensitive malaria in the East African Highlands?
(Literature review)

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Can relief and development funding be better integrated? The donor response to drought, and the implications for pastoral livelihoods in the Horn of Africa
(Literature review)

Choose your weapon: how can stunting be effectively targeted in conflict affected areas?
(Literature review)

Developing a 'framework convention on global health': conceptual and political challenges
(Literature review)

Effect of location and duration of stay on malnutrition and nutrition service coverage in refugee children under 5 years
(Secondary data analysis - quantitative study)

An exploration to understand the factors that influence parental adherence to Congenital Talipes Equinovarus treatment in Zanzibar: a qualitative study
(Primary data analysis - qualitative study)

The impacts of different microfinance models on health-related outcomes in low and middle-income countries: a review of the literature
(Literature review)

Is there a sex ratio crisis in the urban poor population of Mumbai, India? Reported son preference and sex ratios at birth among slum resident women
(Secondary data analysis)

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Can indoor heat thresholds for human health in the UK be defined?
(Literature review)

Comparison of two different inpatient feeding protocols for severely malnourished children at a sentinel hospital in Malawi : a secondary data analysis
(Secondary data analysis)

Documenting mortality in conflict
(Literature review)

An exploration of women's experiences with prenatal diagnostic testing for genetic disability
(Literature review)

How does competition in the NHS affect health outcomes?
(Literature review)

The militarisation of aid in Afghanistan: implications for humanitarian actors and the way ahead
(Literature review)

Public-private interactions in healthcare and their implications for equitable universal coverage: a case study of the Brazilian healthcare system
(Literature review)

Understanding child immunization in Nigeria: the success and challenges of programs and policy. A literature review
(Literature review)

Understanding East End Bangladeshi mothers' perspectives on developing functional independence with their children with disabilities: a qualitative study
(Primary data - Qualitative study)

The use of third-party reproductive assistance, as a solution to infertility, by Muslim people in Iran and Lebanon: what factors influence how it is perceived, and how it is practiced?
(Literature review)

Water stress in China: local issues and global lessons
(Literature review)

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Association between clinical signs of maternal infection and poor outcomes of newborn infants with birth asphyxia in rural communities in Bangladesh
(Secondary data - quantitative study)

Children with disabilities and their access to primary health care services in Kisumu, Western Kenya: parents' perspectives
(Primary data - qualitative study)

Compulsory licensing as a solution to the constraint of patents on access to antiretroviral medicines in developing countries: a literature review
(Literature review)

Framing HIV/AIDS as a security issue: effects and implications
(Literature review)

Perceptions on issues of water supply and access in secure and insecure slum settlements in Kandivali, Mumbai: a qualitative study exploring the views of residents and NGOs
(Primary data - Qualitative study)

Scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and maternal and neonatal health in Uttar Pradesh, India
(Literature review)

The use of neuraminidase-inhibitors during pandemic influenza H1N1/2009
(Literature review)

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Ahmed, M
Obstacles to rehabilitation for street children in Morocco. A qualitative study.
(Primary data - qualitative study)

Crichton, C
Increasing participation from authors in developing countries in the global health academic discourse: an action plan
(Action plan)

Crowley, A
Challenges to HIV/AIDS education in southern Sudanese schools: a qualitative study of teachers and students: primary data analysis
(Primary data - Qualitative study)

Cullingworth, E
Identifying the impact of cerebral malaria on motor skills: a literature review
(Literature review)

Rafter, C
From policy to practice: does the UK government support NHS workers engaging in development work overseas?
(Literature review)

Sidik, N
Management of neonatal sepsis in developing countries: implications for Tanzania
(Literature review)

Silva, K
How parents, teachers and rehabilitation professionals understand and experience early childrearing and teaching of young children with disabilities in Salvador, Northeast Brazil? A literature review and action plan
(Literature review / Action plan)

Tayeb, T
Very high prevalence of HCV in Cairo: an exploration of the potential causes of iatrogenic transmission in Ain Shams University Hospital
(Primary data - Qualitative study)

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Dyer, J
North-South partnerships in health care: is there an evidence base for NHS Links?
(Action plan)

Kassim, IAR
Urinary iodine concentration among long-term food aid dependent pregnant women in Dadaab refugee camps Kenya
(Secondary data - Quantitative study)

Kularatne, SPS
How could the needs of children with disabilities optimally be met? A qualitative research project to explore the perspectives of families and service providers in three districts of Sri Lanka
(Primary data - Qualitative study)

Palfreyman, AD
The role of stability in adherence to ART: a qualitative study
(Secondary data - Qualitative study)

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Fox, R
Inclusive education in South Africa: what do the parents of children with disabilities think?
(Primary data - Qualitative study)

Langridge, F
'Copying success' Are community-based approaches appropriate to address child deaths from pneumonia in Papua New Guinea?
(Literature review)

Owen, C
"Ten years on": do disabled young people think they are 'included' in mainstream secondary education in Somerset
(Primary data - Qualitative study)

Tan, S
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: differences in culture, management strategies and definition of misbehaviour? An action plan to investigate cross-generational differences in Negara Brunei Darussalam
(Action plan)

Vogt, A
A mixed methods study of access to education for children with physical disabilities in transitional countries, examples from Northern Tajikistan: "Did you write down that I need to go to school?"
(Primary data - Quantitative and qualitative study)

Yenyi, SE
High number of epilepsy cases in rural communities of Komenda-Edina-Eguafo-Abirem (KEEA) District in Ghana: fact or fallacy?
(Primary data - Quantitative study)

Zuccolo, VT
Does high soya intake during pregnancy lead to an increased risk of male genital malformation in neonates? An action plan for a longitudinal cohort study
(Action plan)

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Almohri, M
Should rotavirus vaccine be given to children in Bahrain? Factors to consider for assessing the value of the vaccine.
(Literature review)

Buergi, S
An action plan: exploring the current use of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) as a concept and a tool in CBR programs
(Action plan)

Jackson, JA
The effects on children of their mothers' imprisonment
(Literature review)

Komwihangiro, J
To what extent are men involved in reproductive health in Tanzania? An action plan for a descriptive cross-sectional study.
(Action plan)

Payne, J
Refusal of asylum applications from unaccompanied children: where is the process going wrong?
(Primary data - Quantitative and qualitative study)

Poespoprodjo, JR
Maternal malaria is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes and a high risk of congenital infection in Timika, Papua-Indonesia
(Primary data - Quantitative study)

Quintao, CJ do C
Increasing the low rates of exclusive breastfeeding in Timor-Leste: addressing traditional practices which interfere with exclusive breastfeeding - a literature review of lessons learned from other countries
(Literature review)

Reeves, M
Early hypocalcaemia in neonates and its relation to vitamin D deficiency in mothers during pregnancy
(Action plan)

Skovdal, M
Exploring the impact and processes of cash transfer on orphans in Western Kenya
(Primary data collection - Qualitative study)

Von der Assen, NA
Perceptions of pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) in Kilifi, Kenya: a qualitative study
(Primary data - Qualitative study)

Wagle, P
The effect of armed conflict on children: example from Nepal
(Literature review)

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Brown, R
Should growth monitoring be abolished? A review of history, concepts, practice and future challenges
(Short project)

Darby, LA
From colostrum to chopsticks: Infant and young child feeding in three Chinese villages
(Long project)

Fischer, U
A literature review on Trachoma management with illustrations from two current programmes in Ethiopia
(Short project)

Maki, H
The effects of politics and war on Child Health in Iraq
(Short project)

Papatheodorou, C
The effects of arms trade on maternal and child health in the developing world
(Short project)

Thai Yeo, Kee
Health status and access to healthcare in internal migrants in China: A comparative study of migrant, rural and urban populations in Zhejiang, China
(Long project)

Williams, S
Will the incorporation of traditional Khmer beliefs into antenatal health education in rural Cambodia increase its effectiveness?
(Short project - Action plan)

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Devapitchai, K
Development of an action plan for CBR, TLM India: bringing culture and participation into focus
(Short project - Action plan)

Gona, J
Identifying children with disabilities in Kilifi, Kenya: the use of Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA)
(Long project)

Kwashie, S
Intensifying the war against malaria: the utilisation of insecticide-treated bednets by pregnant women and children under five years in a rural district
(Long Project)

Patil, A
Burden of mental illness on the family in less developed countries
(Short project)

Rowe, A
The effects of play and stimulation on the cognitive and psychosocial development of institutional children in Sri Lanka
(Short Project)

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Brons-Daymond, S
Training for the physical rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy: a survey in countries with differing cultures and economies
(Long project)

Hunt, V
A literature review on the uptake and response by pregnant women to voluntary counselling and testing to reduce mother-to-child transmission of HIV in resource-poor countries
(Short Project)

Noack, B
Children's and young people's views about their participation in hospital care: "They try and tell ya what they do. But I like putting in my own words."
(Long Project, UK-based)

Sauvey, S
Who is disabled in rural Nepal? an analysis of self-reported disability and participation by people with disabilities in Makwanpur
(Long project)

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Chavuta, A
Coping strategies for parents of children with disabilities in three districts in Uganda (Mpigi, Tororo, Iganga)

Hinze, S
Anaemia in pregnancy, pregnancy outcome and postpartum anaemia
(Desk-based Study)

Isiramen V
Early and abrupt cessation of breastfeeding in the Nigerian context: is this an option for HIV-positive women?

Kumah, G
An analysis of maternal deaths at the Tema General Hospital in Ghana, using the 'three delays' model: a retrospective cohort study

Self-esteem and aspirations of street children in Simferopol, Ukraine: a study of the self-esteem and emotional state of street children and an examination of their strengths, as well as their aspirations for the future

Manuel, P
Assessment on orphans and their caregivers' psychological well being in a rural community in central Mozambique

Mumpande, P
A study of knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of services providers towards the inclusion of deaf children aged 3-8 years in mainstream educational activities in Binga District, Zimbabwe

Perry, F
The invisible children: the challenge of AIDS-induced orphanhood in Sub-Saharan Africa
(Desk-based Study)

Sabbe, L
The search for valuable indicators to inform evaluations of Community Based Rehabilitation programmes: a contribution to the discussion
(Desk-based study)

Savage, R
HIV/Sex education in East and Southern Africa. Review of HIV/Sex education programmes, and their evaluation process, in young people in East and Southern Africa
(Desk-based Study)

Smith, E
Facilitators and barriers to use of reproductive health services for women with physical disabilities: a qualitative study in urban Lusaka

Tsengu, D
Appropriate indicators for evaluation of management of CBR programmes in developing countries: with reference to Nigeria
(Desk-based study)

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Andra, K
Psychosocial issues surrounding refugee children
(Desk-based study)

Azmi, M
Field-testing a training package on feeding skills for carers of children with cerebral palsy in Cairo, Egypt

Chappell, PI
Quality of life following spinal cord injury for 20-40 year old males living in Sri Lanka

Eldegair MY
Effect of intrauterine growth retardation on stress response in neonates from Sudan

Hathaway, B
How do family members of a person self-identified as being disabled in a community health survey in Makwanpur District, Nepal, perceive disability?

Ibe OE
Comparison of thermal regulation in low birth weight infants <2000 grams managed by skin-to-skin contact and conventional methods using continuous ambulatory monitoring technique

Islam KE
Dietary assessment in developing countries: literature review and case study
(Desk-based Study)

Masvie H
Unexplored aspects of Tamang grandmothers' role in perinatal care, Makwanpur District, Nepal

Mnisi LM
Risk of HIV infection to women with learning disabilities
(Desk-based Study)

Plackett, R
Critical review of 26 community based rehabilitation action plans from Uganda

Tainsh, R
Investigation into how INGO and NGO projects involve people with disabilities in planning services in Tajikistan, a society in transition in Central Asia

Thacher L
Impact of fetal environment on infant linear and body mass growth: a study in the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal
(Desk-based Study)

Thapliyal P
Supplementary feeding for young children (0-6 years) under the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Programme, India: a review
(Desk-based Study)

Walsh M
Unofficial face of midwifery: a qualitative study exploring professional midwives' unofficial midwifery activities in Sokoto State, Nigeria

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Arbeiter, S
The culture of togetherness in Ugandan schools. Teachers and pupils experiences of inclusive education in Uganda

Gravenhorst, E
Creativity in work organisations

Iyanar, CKJ
To develop appropriate items to measure the daily living skills of Indian children using the Vineland Adaptive Behaviour Scale as a basis for the study

Makame, V
The disability consequence of being orphaned by AIDS on school performance and affective state in selected high density suburban areas: a case study of Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania

Reballos L
Sexual and reproductive health: knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of girl street children

Robson, J
The needs of children with land mine injuries and the services available to them in Battambang Province, Cambodia

Schaefer, K
Projects are ONLY interactions: the importance of relationships in CBR projects
(Desk-based study)

Schmidt, L
An exploration of preschoolers' daily living skills by mothers in a rural setting in Jordan: implications for assessment

Taher J
Maternal work and pregnancy outcome

Vahamwti, PM
Information dissemination about disability services in Kivu-North (East of the Democratic Republic of Congo)

Vallely L
Analysis of severe postpartum morbidity presenting to University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia

West S
Maternal health services in a collapsed economy. Limiting the deterioration

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Aghoghovbia, T
An assessment of the awareness, knowledge, attitude and anticipated practice regarding HIV/AIDS in women attending ANC in Lagos

Callwood, A
Midwives' views of risk management: a regional survey
(UK-based Study)

Chan, KY
Client satisfaction survey of family planning clients attending maternal and child health centres in Hong Kong

Davies, S
An analysis of the process of referrals for pregnancy-related complications to University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka

Harrison, J
Maternity health seeking behaviour in Baglung District, Nepal

Kambalametore, S
An exploration of the Malawian perspective on adaptive behaviour: using the Vineland Adaptive Behaviour Scales as a basis for investigation

Kodikara, S
Needs for services for children with communication disabilities in Sri Lanka

Kraus, M
The disillusionment with altruistic organisations: why NGO workers leave before the end of their contract
(UK-based study)

Millward, H
A study looking at the relationships between international and national policies and the development of service provision for people with disabilities in Uganda

Sambasivam, S
Preparation work for changing an organisation i.e. Yaysan Sultan Idris Shah concerned with community-based rehabilitation using some literature on change in organisations
(Desk-based study)

Samson, A
An investigation of facilities for students with disabilities in London
(UK-based study)

Tsatsaroni, S
Comparison of language development in children who attend day care centres and those who remain at home in Thessaloniki, Greece

White, M
What are the constraints and opportunities in using alternatives to breastmilk in Hlabisa District, KwaZulu Natal?

Whittingham, R
An exploration of the play activities of Indian pre-school children

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Ahrens, C

A needs assessment of maternal health service provision and community perception in West Wollega

(no abstract available)

Baker, H
Designing a communication ability outcome measuring tool
(UK-based study)

Carter, KY
Infant feeding practice in the valley of a thousand hills: what are the constraints to exclusive breastfeeding?

Chapuis, L
Collaboration of stakeholders in disability policies in Rwanda

Cruickshank, R

NGOs: does the Newtonian paradigm obscure our most exciting work?

Dlamini, P
The use of non-specialist personnel in providing a service for hearing impaired people: the role of deaf people

Flower, J
The participation of disabled people in NGO planning
(UK-based study)

Harknett, SG
Nutritional status and activity levels of visually impaired children in Arua District, Uganda

Ibrahim, A
Grandmothers’ influence on infant feeding in Alexandria and El-Beheira, Egypt

Idris, AM
Determinants of perinatal mortality among mothers with eclampsia in Gumel Northern Nigeria

Jahhaf, AM
The association between nutritional rickets and pneumonia in children under five years: Sa’ada – Yemen

Jallow, M
Hidden elements affecting the quality of work and relationships in a national NGO in the Gambia

McSporran, ES
Obstetric complications in a Burkina Faso tertiary referral centre

Pariot, L
The working alliance between the different agencies and groups of people involved in a CBR programme in Vietnam

Rozette, CMD
A case study about teenage pregnancy

Saenz-Martinez, Elizabeth
Private maternity care practitioners in Punto Fijo, Venezuela

Siddig, Eshraga Elsir Ahmed
Case management of diarrhoeal diseases at household level in Khartoum-Sudan

Sserunjogi, Louise
The epidemiology of anaemia, cultural perceptions and dietary practices among postpartum women in Tororo District, Uganda

Teklebrahn, Tema
Knowledge, attitude and practice towards exclusive breast-feeding in Jimma, Ethiopia

Tompsett, J H
Nutritional status of disabled children in central Nigeria

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Al-Wahaidi, AA-A
Effect of different sanitation conditions on the prevalence of infection with three types of intestinal parasites among the children in two localities in the Gaza Strip Palestine

Aziz, R
Knowledge and use of contraceptives among rural Pakistani women in Swat District, NWFP, Pakistan

Berti, C
Hidden blockage to sustainability: identification of deep structures in organisations

Chantler, T
Descriptive study of household coping strategies in a semi-rural area of Haiti

Darkwah, G
The background to teenage pregnancy and antenatal health-seeking

Gardner, ER
Maternity infection control in central province hospitals, Zambia

Gubbins, J
A case study of verbal autopsy use in Tanzania

Hanbury, C
Children’s rights in health care in the UK: health professionals’ knowledge of and feelings about children’s rights and how these are reflected in practice

Iwamoto, N
Bangladeshi mothers' knowledge of and their attitudes towards children with disabilities

Janacek, R
Establishment of baseline haemoglobin levels and anaemia prevalence rates in the pastoral Pokot and a pilot study of an anaemia prevention education programme combining technology and simple education methods

Jennings, B
What are the factors required for a successful partnership between 'Action Health' and the 'Association of People with a Disability' to ensure the sustainability of a community based rehabilitation project

Lesi, FEA
The clinical, anthropometric and social correlates of mental development of malnourished Nigerian children

Lu, Romulo
Does failure to exclusively breast feed increase early infant mortality in Lima?

Man, K
An exploration of self-construal by adults with learning difficulties
(UK-based study)

Mannan, H
Forgotten fathers: the role of Bangladeshi fathers of disabled children living in the London borough of Tower Hamlets
(UK-based study)

Mobarak, MR
Helping mothers of young children with cerebral palsy in Bangladesh(Desk-based study)

Mokganya, LS
The implementation of the syndromic case management approach for STDs in Southern Botswana’s MCH/FP programme: a situation analysis

Pegram, AS
Perception of Somali women to available health services in London

Rietsema, A
Quality and user-friendliness of health services in suriname: up to women’s standards?: an investigation into the quality and user-friendliness of health services from women’s perspectives, in the interior of Suriname

Singleton, T
Diversity and/or racism? Race issues in a voluntary organisation

For a focused scientific review with pre-defined methodology, see Systematic review.

This article needs attention from an expert on the subject. Please add a reason or a talk parameter to this template to explain the issue with the article.
When placing this tag, consider associating this request with a WikiProject.(May 2014)

A literature review is a text of a scholarly paper, which includes the current knowledge including substantive findings, as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. Literature reviews are secondary sources, and do not report new or original experimental work. Most often associated with academic-oriented literature, such reviews are found in academic journals, and are not to be confused with book reviews that may also appear in the same publication. Literature reviews are a basis for research in nearly every academic field.[1][unreliable source] A narrow-scope literature review may be included as part of a peer-reviewed journal article presenting new research, serving to situate the current study within the body of the relevant literature and to provide context for the reader. In such a case, the review usually precedes the methodology and results sections of the work.

Producing a literature review may also be part of graduate and post-graduate student work, including in the preparation of a thesis, dissertation, or a journal article. Literature reviews are also common in a research proposal or prospectus (the document that is approved before a student formally begins a dissertation or thesis).[2]


The main types of literature reviews are: evaluative, exploratory, and instrumental.[3]

A fourth type, the systematic review, is often classified separately, but is essentially a literature review focused on a research question, trying to identify, appraise, select and synthesize all high-quality research evidence and arguments relevant to that question. A meta-analysis is typically a systematic review using statistical methods to effectively combine the data used on all selected studies to produce a more reliable result.[4]

Process and product[edit]

Shields and Rangarajan (2013) distinguish between the process of reviewing the literature and a finished work or product known as a literature review.[5]:193–229 The process of reviewing the literature is often ongoing and informs many aspects of the empirical research project. All of the latest literature should inform a research project. Scholars need to be scanning the literature long after a formal literature review product appears to be completed.

A careful literature review is usually 15 to 30 pages and could be longer. The process of reviewing the literature requires different kinds of activities and ways of thinking.[6] Shields and Rangarajan (2013) and Granello (2001) link the activities of doing a literature review with Benjamin Bloom’s revised taxonomy of the cognitive domain (ways of thinking: remembering, understanding, applying, analyzing, evaluating, and creating).[5][7]

The first category in Bloom's taxonomy is remembering. For a person doing a literature review this would include tasks such as recognition, retrieval and recollection of the relevant literature. During this stage relevant books, articles, monographs, dissertations, etc. are identified and read. Bloom’s second category understanding occurs as the scholar comprehends the material they have collected and read. This step is critical because no one can write clearly about something they do not understand. Understanding may be challenging because the literature could introduce the scholar to new terminology, conceptual framework and methodology. Comprehension (particularly for new scholars) is often improved by taking careful notes. In Bloom’s third category applying the scholar is able to make connections between the literature and his or her larger research project. This is particularly true if the literature review is to be a chapter in a future empirical study. The literature review begins to inform the research question, and methodological approaches. When scholars analyze (fourth category in Bloom's taxonomy) they are able to separate material into parts and figure out how the parts fit together. Analysis of the literature allows the scholar to develop frameworks for analysis and the ability to see the big picture and know how details from the literature fit within the big picture. Analysis facilitates the development of an outline (list). The books, articles and monographs read will be of different quality and value. When scholars use Bloom’s fifth category evaluating they are able to see the strengths and weaknesses of the theories, arguments, methodology and findings of the literature they have collected and read.[7] When scholars engage in creating the final category in Bloom's taxonomy, they bring creativity to the process of doing a literature review. In other words, they draw new and original insights from the literature. They may be able to find a fresh and original research question, identify a heretofore, unknown gap in the literature or make surprising connections. By understanding how ways of thinking connect to tasks of a literature review, a scholar is able to be self-reflective and bring metacognition to the process of reviewing the literature.[5]

Most of these tasks occur before the writing even begins. The process of reviewing the literature and writing a literature review can be complicated and lengthy. It is helpful to bring a system of organization and planning to the task. When an orderly system can be designed, it is easier to keep track of the articles, books, materials read, notes, outlines and drafts.[8]

See also[edit]


Further reading[edit]


  • Cooper, Harris M. (1998). Synthesizing Research: A Guide for Literature Reviews. Applied Social Research Methods (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE Publications. ISBN 978-0761913481. 
  • Creswell, John W. (2013). "Review of the Literature". Research Design. Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Method Approaches (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE Publications. ISBN 9781452226101. 
  • Dellinger, Amy B. (2005). "Validity and the Review of Literature". Research in the Schools. 12 (2): 41–54. 
  • Dellinger, Amy B.; Leech, Nancy L. (2007). "Toward a Unified Validation Framework in Mixed Methods Research". Journal of Mixed Methods Research. 1 (4): 309–332. 
  • Galvan, José L. (2015). Writing Literature Reviews: A Guide for Students of the Social and Behavioral Sciences (6th ed.). Pyrczak Publishing. ISBN 978-1936523375. 
  • Green, Bart N.; Johnson, Claire D.; Adams, Alan (2006). "Writing Narrative Literature Reviews for Peer-Reviewed Journals: Secrets of the Trade". Journal of Chiropractic Medicine. 5 (3): 101–114. 
  • Hart, Chris (2008). "Literature Reviewing and Argumentation". In Hall, Gerard; Longman, Jo. The Postgraduate's Companion. Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE Publications. ISBN 978-1-4129-3026-0. 

Various fields[edit]

  • Hart, Chris (1998). Doing a Literature Review: Releasing the Social Science Research Imagination. SAGE Study Skills. London: SAGE Publications. ISBN 9780761959755. 
  • Hart, Chris (2001). Doing a Literature Search: A Guide for the Social Sciences. SAGE Study Skills. Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE Publications. ISBN 978-0761968108. 
  1. ^Lamb, David. "The Uses of Analysis: Rhetorical Analysis, Article Analysis, and the Literature Review". Academic Writing Tutor. Archived from the original on 23 May 2014. Retrieved 26 February 2016. 
  2. ^Baglione, L. (2012). Writing a Research Paper in Political Science. Thousand Oaks, California: CQ Press. 
  3. ^Adams, John; Khan, Hafiz T A; Raeside, Robert (2007). Research methods for graduate business and social science students. New Delhi: SAGE Publications. p. 56. ISBN 9780761935896. 
  4. ^Bolderston, Amanda (June 2008). "Writing an Effective Literature Review". Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences. 39 (2): 86–92. doi:10.1016/j.jmir.2008.04.009. 
  5. ^ abcShields, Patricia; Rangarjan, Nandhini (2013). A Playbook for Research Methods: Integrating Conceptual Frameworks and Project Management. Stillwater, Oklahoma: New Forums Press. ISBN 1-58107-247-3. 
  6. ^Baker, P. (2000). "Writing a Literature Review". The Marketing Review. 1 (2): 219–247. 
  7. ^ abGranello, D. H. (2001). "Promoting cognitive complexity in graduate written work: Using Bloom's taxonomy as a pedagogical tool to improve Literature Reviews". Counselor Education & Supervision. 40: 292–307. 
  8. ^Shields, Patricia (2000). Step by Step: Building a Research Project. Stillwater, Oklahoma: New Forums Press. 

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